“Change The World Wednesday” And Karinda Garden Encourage Household Composting | b l o g o d r i l

23 August 2009

“Change The World Wednesday” And Karinda Garden Encourage Household Composting

We have already separated, but not been composted, our household waste. Here is the separated places in my house:

1. Simple bag sacks or big plastic bags are used each for paper waste, plastic waste and metal waste.

2. Iron drum is used for organic waste.

Challenging with "Change The World Wednesday" - Reduce Footprints's weekly challenge - I thought why we are not turn our trash bin into the smallest container in the house by starting a compost bin. Then, I have already web-walking to know what composting is and how to make a compost bin. Some notes rewrite in the following.

Wet waste (organic waste) is about 70.69 percent of total household waste in Indonesia. Some organization has been successfully used as compost. Composting effort is to make organic waste through a process of controlled decomposition or restrained. Composting products are environmental hygiene, as the organic waste disposed of to the landfill to be reduced. The compost product is the result of composting that we can use to plant their own or for sale.

Organic waste is often referred to the type of waste that comes from living organism. It can be decomposed easily and destroyed by nature. For examples: vegetables, meat, fish, rice, coconut pulp, and snippets of grass / leaves / branches from the garden. Our lives can not be separated from the organic waste each day. Decaying organic waste occurs because the process of biochemistry due to decomposition of organic waste materials by themselves. The decomposition will be done by microorganism in the environment. Method of processing organic waste through a controlled contamination is known as composting.

In Jakarta, Indonesia, there are a couple's nursery, Karinda Garden, where they sell medicinal plants, flowers, seedlings and of course, compost. Karinda Garden encourages household composting through a researched information on effective and efficient composting until they stumbled across the Takakura Magic Basket, created by Japanese-born Koji Takakura.

Takakura method is known in Indonesia, as cheap and simple method of composting. Using the principles aerobe (with air), Takakura consists of porous basket, husk pillows, thick cardboard, cloth cover, and the compost.

Function of tools and materials:

1. Prepare Takakura Magic Basket. A perforated basket with cardboard layer would be taken place an aerobe process. Board functions are: limit the interference insects, set the humidity, and pore-porous- so it can absorb air & water.

2. Use mature compost (6-8 kg) as compost starter or activator for the new waste.

3. Cut small pieces (2 x 2 cm) of organic waste (fruit peels, egg shells, garden and kitchen leaves, rice, vegetables); This waste fill in 1/2 or 2/3 of the basket height; discard broth in food for composting; do not use bones, shrimp or leftover meats/animal products in compost -- they attract flies

4. Make a well in the starter, put in waste in and mix

5. Cover basket to warm mixture and prevent flies from laying eggs

6. Optimum humidity is achieved when compost mixture is damp, but produces no dripping water when squeezed. Add rice hull or dry leaves if compost is watery, or sprinkle on a little water if compost is dry.

7. Stir regularly 2-3 times a week. Do not add more waste to a full basket -- remove the mixture to a bigger composter to add waste.

8. Compost is ripe when its temperature, appearance and smell resemble soil: in about eight weeks

The Takakura method makes me stumbled too ...and it would be tried soon.

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